Blocks are the basic units of structure in Minecraft that can be directly placed in the game world.
Behavior[править | править код]
Blocks are arranged in a three-dimensional grid of 1-cubic-meter cells. Each cell usually contains exactly one block; exceptions exist in the form of slabs, vines, snow layers, turtle eggs and sea pickles.
Together, blocks and fluids build up the in-game environment, and most can be harvested and utilized in various fashions. Some blocks, such as dirt and sandstone, are opaque and occupy their entire cubic meter, while other blocks, such as glass and flowers, are transparent or non-solid. Explosions destroy some blocks more easily than they destroy others.
Some blocks, such as torches and glowstone, emit light. The amount of light they emit varies widely; see this table of light values for further information. Opaque blocks completely block light, while transparent blocks can have no effect on light, block the light, or merely weaken it.
- When the block is removed by a piston.
- If the block is affected by gravity and falls into an invalid space.Шаблон:Only
- Anvils that are destroyed by running out of durability or falling. Only particles are missing.
- If the block can be washed away and is washed away by a flowing fluid.
- If the block can be replaced by other blocks and is replaced.
- If the block is supported by another block and its supporting block is removed.
- If the block is leaves and decays.
Block height[править | править код]
A player can automatically step up from a lower to a higher height if the difference is at most 0.6 (Шаблон:Frac) of a block or 1.9685 feet.
Also, the world height limit is 256 blocks/meters (839.895 ft).
Textures[править | править код]
The textures on the faces of blocks are 16×16 pixels. Most blocks are proportionately one cubic meter by default, but their shape can be changed using models.
Most blocks have static textures, but these blocks are animated: water, lava, Nether portal, End portal, End gateway, prismarine (slab; stairs; wall), sea lantern, magma block, seagrass, kelp, fire, lantern, lit campfire and their soul variants, lit blast furnace, heat blockШаблон:Only, stems, hyphae, lit smoker, stonecutter and command block.
Using resource packs, the player can change the textures and resolution of blocks, including whether their texture is animated. They can also change the shapes of blocks using models and the size of blocks to any size with equal width and height, though sizes that are a power of two tend to work better.
List of blocks[править | править код]
Bedrock Edition[править | править код]
These blocks can be accessed only Шаблон:In. In this edition, item frames work as block entities, old stonecutters are obtainable only by inventory editing, and glowing obsidian, invisible bedrock, and nether reactor cores are not obtainable at all but continue to exist in old worlds.
Education Edition only[править | править код]
- 30px Allow
- 30px Blue Torch
- 30px Blue Wall Torch
- 30px Board
- 30px Compound Creator
- 30px Deny
- 30px Element Constructor
- 30px Green Torch
- 30px Green Wall Torch
- 30px Heat Block
- 30px Lab Table
- 30px Material Reducer
- 30px Poster
- 30px Purple Torch
- 30px Purple Wall Torch
- 30px Red Torch
- 30px Red Wall Torch
- 30px Slate
- 30px Underwater TNT
- 30px Underwater Torch
- 30px Underwater Wall Torch
Removed blocks[править | править код]
Removed blocks no longer exist in current versions of the game.
Technical blocks[править | править код]
Technical blocks are blocks whose main functions are strictly tied to the usage of other blocks. They cannot be acquired through normal gameplay. Most of them cannot be obtained with commands and even external editors,Шаблон:Only but others require commands or mods to obtain. They serve various purposes during events within the game. If acquired, they usually have a Шаблон:InvSprite missing texture.
Many of these blocks have different representations in the inventory; flint and steel is used to place fire, water and lava can be placed with their respective buckets, and blocks such as beds, doors, cake and flower pots have separate inventory items.
История[править | править код]
|Pre-classic-версия Java Edition|
|rd-132211||Added blocks that can be placed and destroyed.|
|Added air, but internally isn't a block.|
|rd-160052||There is now support for different block types.|
|New particles are now shown when destroying a block.|
|New support for dynamic blocks.|
|Added pick blocks functionality.|
|Classic-версия Java Edition|
|?||Added multiple sounds for blocks.|
|4 августа 2009 г.||Breaking blocks allows picking them up and place them, thus adding and removing them from the inventory.|
|14 августа 2009 г.||The requirement to have to hold down the mouse button to break blocks, creating a block-breaking animation, was first shown.|
|0.27 SURVIVAL TEST||The player now begins with 10 TNT blocks and can now obtain dirt, cobblestone from stone, wooden planks from wood, gold blocks from gold ore, iron blocks from iron ore, stone slabs from coal ore, and white wool from sheep.|
|0.28||Right click now adds blocks and left click now removes them.|
|The player can now build with naturally occurring blocks.|
|The player can now use bookshelves, sponges, colored wools, bricks, obsidians and mossy cobblestones.|
|Operators of servers can now also build bedrock. Some custom servers can now give the ability to place grass blocks and fluid blocks, too.|
|All new block types have been added.|
|Indev-версия Java Edition|
|0.31 (23 декабря 2009 г., 2)||Blocks can now be dropped on the ground.|
|Blocks that are thrown on the ground can now also be picked up.|
|0.31 (22 января 2010 г.)||Blocks can now be placed on resource items. As a result, resource items are now pushed off.|
|0.31 (25 января 2010 г., 1)||Added new block particles.|
|Infdev-версия Java Edition|
|20100227||It is now possible to place blocks inside the player.|
|20100413||It is now impossible to place blocks inside the player.|
|20100617-2||Solid blocks now cause suffocation.|
|Официальный выпуск Java Edition|
|1.7.2||13w37a||The ability to obtain the item form of 26 technical blocks has been removed. These were the bed (26), piston head and extension (34 & 36), redstone wire (55), wheat crops (59), standing and wall sign (63 & 68), wooden and iron door (64 & 71), lit redstone ore (74), unlit redstone torch (75), sugar cane (83), cake (92), unpowered and powered repeater (93 & 94), pumpkin and melon stem (104 & 105), nether wart (115), brewing stand (117), cauldron (118), lit redstone lamp (124), tripwire (132), flower pot (140), skull (144), and unpowered and powered comparator (149 & 150).|
|13w38b||Air is now internally a block and can be kept in the inventory. It has a missing texture, 24px.|
|13w38c||Air can no longer be kept in the inventory anymore.|
|1.8||14w25a||The ability to obtain the item form of 12 technical blocks has been removed. These blocks were flowing and stationary water and lava blocks (8, 9, 10 & 11), double stone and wooden slabs (43 & 125), fire blocks (51), nether and end portal blocks (90 & 119), cocoa pods (127), and potato and carrot crops (141 & 142).|
|Blocks now show the closest item form to themselves as the icon in the superflat settings menu.|
|14w26b||All technical blocks, except for the monster spawner (52) and farmland (60), now have a missing texture in the inventory, 32px, due to their item models being nonexistent.|
|1.9||15w49a||The ability to obtain the item form of lit furnaces (62) has been removed.|
|Альфа-версия Pocket Edition|
|Pre-release||Added exclusive cyan flowers and invisible bedrock. Blocks were also 2D in the inventory|
|0.2.0||Breaking blocks now allows the player to pick them up and place them, thus adding and removing them from the inventory. Blocks are now 3D in the inventory|
|0.2.1||Added block breaking animation.|
|0.5.0||Added exclusive nether reactor core and glowing obsidian.|
|0.6.0||Added exclusive stonecutter.|
|0.9.0||?||Removed cyan flower.|
|0.12.1||build 1||Nether Reactor Core is no longer obtainable in survival or creative.|
|0.13.0||build 1||Removed crafting recipe and functionality of the stonecutter. It can still be found in the creative inventory.|
Проблемы[править | править код]
Gallery[править | править код]
All blocks in Classic 0.26 SURVIVAL TEST.
All blocks in Classic 0.0.21a.
Trivia[править | править код]
- Certain blocks may interpret positions they cannot be placed in by normal means as a valid position. For example, a sign placed in midair via Шаблон:Command or through Шаблон:Bug remains in midair even when updated, until either it is broken, or a block is placed below it and broken.